US report warns Russia not to infiltrate Ukraine and advises both nations to restore to a set of agreements aimed at putting an end to a rebel war in eastern Ukraine led by Russia.
Minsk agreement 1 :
- In September 2014, Ukraine and the Russian-backed separatists reached a 12-point ceasefire agreement in Belarus’s capital.
- Its regulations included prisoner exchanges, humanitarian aid , and the cessation of heavy artillery, five months into a conflict that had already killed over 2,600 people – a figure that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy says has since soared to around 15,000.
- The agreement quickly fell apart, with both parties violating it.
Minsk Agreement 2 :
- In February 2015, representatives from Russia, Ukraine, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and leaders of two pro-Russian separatist regions decided to sign a 13-point peace accord.
- The leaders of France, Germany, Russia, and Ukraine, who were all in Minsk at the same time, issued a statement in support of the agreement.
- It outlined military and security steps that have yet to be implemented. Russia’s assertion that it is not a party to the conflict and thus is not bound by its terms has been a major impediment.
Why did the Minsk Agreement fail ?
- The Minsk II agreement outlined military and political steps that have yet to be implemented.
- Russia’s assertion that this was not a party to the dispute and thus is not bound by its terms has been a major impediment.
- In broad sense, Moscow and Kyiv perceive the pact very differently, Ukraine observes the 2015 deal as a tool for regaining control of the rebel territories. Russia sees the agreement as obligating Ukraine to grant rebel authorities in Donbas total independence and recognition in the central government, essentially giving Moscow veto power over Kyiv’s foreign policy decisions.
- This is giving rise to what some experts refer to as the “Minsk quandary.” Or Minsk Conundrum
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